Tracking Down The Mysterious Code

If you take steps to make your code easier to read, it’s going to also help you when debugging your programs. The readability of code is something that’s universal in the computer programming realm. In fact, it’s one of the very first things you learn as a developer.

Here, you can learn more about best practices regarding how to write code that’s readable, from documentation to innovative tools, such as

Commenting and Documentation

Integrated Development Environments, or IDEs for short, have come quite far in recent years. They have helped to make it easier than ever to comment on your code. When you follow specific standards, your comments will allow IDEs, along with other tools, to use them in various ways.

Commenting and Documentation

Consistent Indentation

As a developer, you should already know that it is necessary to indent your code. But it is also worth it to note that it is very good to make sure you use a consistent indentation style.

In most cases, the way you indent your code is going to be based on your personal preferences. There is no, one, the best style that everyone needs to use or follow. In fact, the very best style is going to choose one and then use it consistently.

If you are working as a part of a team, or if you are helping by contributing to a code project, then it is important that you continue following the current style that has been used for the project.

Keep in mind, today’s indentation styles are not going to always be totally distinct from each other. In some cases, they are going to mix the rules. One example of this is with PEAR Coding Standards. With this the opening bracket that is used will go on the same line with the control structures; however, they will also go to the following line after the function definitions.

Consistent Indentation

Avoid the Use of Obvious Comments

It’s smart and useful to comment on your code. However, you can reach a point where you are overdoing it, or where you become redundant. If there is text that’s extremely obvious, then it isn’t going to be productive for you to repeat it in your comments.

Code Grouping

There are many situations where specific tasks will require just a few different lines of code. It’s smart to make sure that these tasks remain in separate blocks of the code, along with a few spaces in between them.

If you add a comment at the start of each of your blocks, this can help to emphasize this visual separation, too.

Consistent Naming Scheme

There are some situations where PHP is actually guilty of not following a consistent naming scheme. It’s important that the names have some type of word boundaries. The two most popular options for this include camelCase and underscores.

When you have varying options, it will help to create a situation that is like the indent styles that were mentioned above. If there is an existing project that is using a specific convention, then it is smart to just continue on with that.

Also, there are certain language platforms that have a tendency to use one naming scheme or the other. For example, with PP most coders will use underscores, while with Java, camelCase is more common.

Making code easier to read is something that you have to learn, just like coding in general. However, with the tips and advice here, you should be well on your way to creating code that is easy to read for everyone, regardless if they had a part in writing it or not.